A glossary of current and up-to-date

terms within the ecosphere.

glossary

Glossary of terms

B


B corporation Otherwise known as a Certified B Corporation, is a business that has met certain high standards established by the non-profit B Lab, which provides the B Corp certification. The B Corp standards involve a corporation’s verified social and environmental performance, its impact on its workers and customers, its public transparency. B Corps have opted to become part of a global culture shift toward the concept of business as a force for good, redefining “success” by using profits and growth as a means to a greater end and committing to help build a more inclusive, sustainable economy. After a company receives its B Corp certification, it must amend its legal governing documents to require its board of directors to balance profit and purpose. Benefit corporation A benefit corporation is a legal tool to create a solid foundation for long term mission alignment and value creation. It protects company missions through capital raises and leadership changes, creates more flexibility when evaluating potential sale and liquidity options, and prepares businesses to lead a mission-driven life post-IPO. Biochar Biochar is a name for charcoal when it is used for particular purposes, especially as a soil amendment. Like all charcoal, biochar is created by pyrolysis of biomass. Biochar is under investigation as an approach to carbon sequestration to produce negative carbon dioxide emissions. Biochar thus has the potential to help mitigate climate change, via carbon sequestration. Independently, biochar can increase soil fertility, increase agricultural productivity and provide protection against some foliar and soil-borne diseases. Furthermore, biochar reduces pressure on forests. Biochar is a stable solid, rich in carbon and can endure in soil for thousands of years. Biodiversity Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life. Biodiversity supports everything in nature that we need to survive: food, clean water, medicine, and shelter. Biomass All of the living material in a given area; often refers to vegetation. Also called "biota". Bioswail A type of biofilter designed to remove silt and pollution from surface runoff, consisting of a swaled drainage course with gently sloped sides and filled with vegetation, compost and/or riprap. Blue green roof A green roof is a layer of vegetation planted over a waterproofing system that is installed on top of a flat or slightly–sloped roof. Green roofs are also known as vegetative or eco–roofs. They fall into three main categories—extensive, intensive, and semi–intensive. Although there are no precise definitions of them, an extensive green roof has a shallow growing medium—usually less than six inches—with a modest roof load, limited plant diversity, minimal watering requirements, and is often not accessible. Intensive green roofs have more soil and a deeper growing medium—sometimes several feet—that can support a more diverse plant selection, including small trees. Thus, they have more substantial structural loads and need more frequent maintenance and watering. They are usually accessible. Semi–intensive green roofs include features of both types. The appropriate depth of any green roof depends on the roof structure, the plants chosen, annual rainfall, and stormwater performance requirements. Block chain Blockchain technology is a way of managing a ledger of records in a decentralized manner. It means that everyone participates in maintaining and updating the ledger, which makes it practically impossible to falsify. While Blockchain technology is a good solution to the issue of centralization, it’s also very inefficient and slow, therefore it should only be used if the problem at hand is indeed centralization. Blueway A blueway or water trail is a water path or trail that is developed with launch points, camping locations and points of interest for canoeists, paddle boarders and kayakers. Blueways are typically developed by state, county or local municipalities to encourage recreation, ecological education and preservation of wildlife resources. Breaking the grass ceiling Glass ceiling is a metaphor for the evident but intangible hierarchical impediment that prevents minorities and women from achieving elevated professional success. The term was first popularized in the 80s to describe the challenges women face when their careers stagnate at middle-management roles, preventing them from achieving higher leadership or executive roles. Brown roof A brown roof is where the substrate surface is left to self-vegetate from windblown and bird lime seed dispersal. Side Note: Biodiverse roofs and brown roofs are two different things: Biodiverse roofs are where seed or plants are introduced into the substrate at the time of construction. A brown roof is where the substrate surface is left to self-vegetate from windblown and bird lime seed dispersal. Brown roofs are the best way of replicating exactly the wild urban spaces that are found at ground level. Similar plants will colonize the area.




C


Carbon sequestration A natural or artificial process by which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and held in solid or liquid form. Carbon dioxide is the most commonly produced greenhouse gas. Carbon sequestration is the process of capturing and storing atmospheric carbon dioxide. It is one method of reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere with the goal of reducing global climate change. The USGS is conducting assessments on two major types of carbon sequestration: geologic and biologic. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased since the beginning of the industrial age, and this increase has been caused mainly by the burning of fossil fuels. Circular economy A circular economy is a systemic approach to economic development designed to benefit businesses, society, and the environment. A circular economy reveals and designs out the negative impacts of economic activity that cause damage to human health and natural systems. A circular economy favours activities that preserve value in the form of energy, labour, and materials. This means designing for durability, reuse, remanufacturing, and recycling to keep products, components, and materials circulating in the economy. Closed loop Closed-loop Systems use feedback where a portion of the output signal is fed back to the input to reduce errors and improve stability Systems in which the output quantity has no effect upon the input to the control process are called open-loop control systems, and that open-loop systems are just that, open-ended non-feedback systems. But the goal of any electrical or electronic control system is to measure, monitor, and control a process and one way in which we can accurately control the process is by monitoring its output and “feeding” some of it back to compare the actual output with the desired output so as to reduce the error and if disturbed, bring the output of the system back to the original or desired response.

Community land trust

Community land trusts are nonprofit, community-based organizations designed to ensure community stewardship of land. Community land trusts can be used for many types of development (including commercial and retail), but are primarily used to ensure long-term housing affordability.

The heart of their work is the creation of homes that remain permanently affordable, providing successful homeownership opportunities for generations of lower income families.

Conscious consumerism

Conscious consumerism is when buying practices are driven by a commitment to making purchasing decisions that have positive social, economic, and environmental impact.

It’s a movement whereby consumers vote with their dollar by buying ethical products, avoiding unethical companies, and sometimes not purchasing at all. So, a socially or environmentally conscious consumer will think whether consumption is necessary, then once they decide to buy, they look at who is providing the product and how the product impacts each environment touched in its creation and delivery.

Eliminating impulse buys and opting for companies and products that create positive impact, consumers communicate a preference for better-for-the-world business and products.

Control release fertiliser

Controlled-release fertilizers are typically coated or encapsulated with inorganic or organic materials that control the rate, pattern, and duration of plant nutrient release.

The thickness of the coating and air temperature dictate the release rate. The higher the temperature, the faster the fertilizer will be released. Most CRFs are sold with an expected release rate based on 75 °F.

The thickness of the coating and air temperature dictate the release rate. The higher the temperature, the faster the fertilizer will be released. Most CRFs are sold with an expected release rate based on 75 °F. CRF prills are primarily incorporated into the growing medium, but can also be applied as a top dress on the growing medium's surface.

Cool roof

A cool roof is one that has been designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than a standard roof. Cool roofs can be made of a highly reflective type of paint, a sheet covering, or highly reflective tiles or shingles. Nearly any type of building can benefit from a cool roof, but consider the climate and other factors before deciding to install one.

Cool roofs can:

  • Reduce local air temperatures (sometimes referred to as the urban heat island effect)
  • Lower peak electricity demand, which can help prevent power outages
  • Reduce power plant emissions, including carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, and mercury, by reducing cooling energy use in buildings.

Corporate social responsibility (csr)

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a self-regulating business model that helps a company be socially accountable—to itself, its stakeholders, and the public.

By practicing corporate social responsibility, also called corporate citizenship, companies can be conscious of the kind of impact they are having on all aspects of society, including economic, social, and environmental.

Combined sewage overflow (cso)

A combined sewer overflow (CSO) is the discharge from a combined sewer system that is caused by snowmelt or stormwater runoff.

Discharges from CSO outfalls may contain mixtures of domestic sewage, stormwater runoff, and sometimes, industrial wastewater, including high levels of suspended solids, toxic chemicals, floatable material and other pollutants.




A


Aquaponics A form of aquaculture growing food items such as fish or plants in water, in which the waste produced by fish or other water animals provides food for the water plants, and the plants keep the water clean.




D


Deadstock

Inventory that doesn’t turn over – that doesn’t sell – is often referred to as dead stock. With businesses that don’t use inventory management software, deadstock can remain on warehouse shelves forgotten and useless.

Using deadstock not only reduces textile waste but saves water and the emission of greenhouse gases which would occur in the manufacturing of new materials. It also reduces the carbon footprint of the goods, since the fabric has already been transported from the mill.

Double bottom line

A double bottom line is a type of measurement that is concerned with not only the amount of financial profit or loss that a company sustains within a defined period of time, but also the level of positive social impact experienced by the business within that same time frame.

This approach makes it possible to assess the impact that a socially responsible enterprise is having on both the market in which it operates and the communities where the business is based.




E


Economic development

Economic development means different things to different people. On a broad scale, anything a community does to foster and create a healthy economy can fall under the auspice of economic development.

From a public perspective, local economic development involves the allocation of limited resources – land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship in a way that has a positive effect on the level of business activity, employment, income distribution patterns, and fiscal solvency.

Ecosystem

An ecosystem is a community or group of living organisms that live in and interact with each other in a specific environment.Natural ecosystems are “balanced” systems. This means the interactions between the different organisms that make up the ecosystem contribute to a certain stability.

In order to keep our living conditions, it’s truly important that we preserve natural ecosystems. For example, the agriculture that provides our food depends on the characteristics of a specific ecosystem. Cereals or vegetables grow only under certain conditions of temperature and humidity. They also need certain natural processes, such as pollination, to take place. If we change these characteristics too intensely, there is the risk that we aren’t able to produce what we produce today, or at least not in the same way.

Enclothed Cognition

Enclothed cognition captures the systematic influence that clothes have on the wearer’s psychological processes. It is part of a larger field of research that examines how humans think with both their brains and their bodies, an area of study known as embodied cognition.

Embodied cognition experts have discovered that our thought processes are based on physical experiences that set off associated abstract concepts, including those generated by the clothing we wear. Clothing can enhance our psychological states, and it can improve our performance on tasks.

Researchers believe that clothing holds symbolic meaning. They claim that the influence of clothes depends both on wearing the clothing and the meaning it invokes in their psychological schemas. People must ascribe a symbolic meaning to the article of clothing and actually wear it, for that clothing to have any measurable effect.

Environmental Impact

An environmental impact is defined as any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, resulting from a facility’s activities, products, or services.

The primary impacts of concern in an energy dependent society often come as a result of our energy use. Burning hydrocarbons like coal and oil to provide us with useful energy results in the emission of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. Other activities causing harm include improper waste disposal to bodies of water and soil, accidental spills of chemicals, increased demand for resources as populations increase (especially due to consumerism), and much more.

Environmental Justice

Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies.

The environmental justice movement was started by individuals, primarily people of color, who sought to address the inequity of environmental protection in their communities.

E Waste

E-waste is electronic products that are unwanted, not working, and nearing or at the end of their “useful life.” Computers, televisions, VCRs, stereos, copiers, and fax machines are everyday electronic products.

This includes working and broken items that are thrown in the garbage or donated to a charity reseller like Goodwill. E-waste is particularly dangerous due to toxic chemicals that naturally leach from the metals inside when buried.

ESG - environmental/social/governance

extensive green roof - have shallow (typically 7–10cm) soils. They support sedums, moss, herbs and grasses and other vegetation where low or no maintenance is required. They are the lightest type of green roof. ... Regular access to the extensive green roof is not required.

Evapotranspiration

Evapotranspiration is the sum of evaporation from the land surface plus transpiration from plants.

The transpiration aspect of evapotranspiration is essentially evaporation of water from plant leaves. Studies have revealed that transpiration accounts for about 10 percent of the moisture in the atmosphere, with oceans, seas, and other bodies of water (lakes, rivers, streams) providing nearly 90 percent, and a tiny amount coming from sublimation (ice changing into water vapor without first becoming liquid).




F


Fair Trade

To market (a commodity) in compliance with the provisions of a fair-trade agreement

a movement whose goal is to help producers in developing countries to get a fair price for their products so as to reduce poverty, provide for the ethical treatment of workers and farmers, and promote environmentally sustainable practices

Fast Fashion

an approach to the design, creation, and marketing of clothing fashions that emphasizes making fashion trends quickly and cheaply available to consumers

Fast fashion can be defined as cheap, trendy clothing that samples ideas from the catwalk or celebrity culture and turns them into garments in high street stores at breakneck speed to meet consumer demand. The idea is to get the newest styles on the market as fast as possible, so shoppers can snap them up while they are still at the height of their popularity and then, sadly, discard them after a few wears.

Food Apartheid

Describes what it means not to have food access in the US. Activist Dara Cooper describes food apartheids as the, “systematic destruction of black self-determination to control one’s food, hyper-saturation of destructive foods and predatory marketing, and blatantly discriminatory corporate controlled food system that results in [communities of color] suffering from some of the highest rates of heart disease and diabetes of all time.




G


Gender Bias

Gender bias refers to a person receiving different treatment based on the person’s real or perceived gender identity.

It is a form of unconscious bias, or implicit bias, which occurs when one individual unconsciously attributes certain attitudes and stereotypes to another person or group of people. These ascribed behaviors affect how the individual understands and engages with others.

Grass Fed

The “grass fed” claim on meat and dairy product labels should mean that the animals were raised on pasture (during the growing season) and fed only grass and forage, but this is not always the case.

The natural diet of beef cattle and dairy cows is grass and high-fiber forage. Beef and dairy products from cattle that were fed a 100% grass-based diet have important nutritional benefits, as well as animal health benefits.

Beef and dairy cattle are ruminants, and their digestive systems have evolved to digest high-fiber and low-starch grasses. They gain weight more rapidly when they are fed grain in addition to grass, which has become standard practice in the beef and dairy industries. Grain-feeding comes at a cost to the nutritional value of the meat and dairy they produce, and the animals’ health.

Grass Finished

[Finished] means that the animal is physically mature in skeleton and muscle and that it has some fatty tissue as well. This fatty tissue will be both exterior of the muscle (fat cover) and also interior of the muscle (marbling). Much (not all) of the flavor and tenderness of the beef will be related to the fat content of the beef.

In contrast, grass fed is currently being used in reference to any animal that 1.) was fed a grass-based diet prior to grain finishing or 2.) an animal raised on pasture but butchered while still in a growth or immature stage. This results in meat that is just like conventional feedlot beef (1) or beef that is very lean and contains little fat (2).

Green Bond Principles

The Green Bond Principles (GBP) seek to support issuers in financing environmentally sound and sustainable projects that foster a net-zero emissions economy and protect the environment. GBP-aligned issuance should provide transparent green credentials alongside an investment opportunity. By recommending that issuers report on the use of Green Bond proceeds, the GBP promotes a step change in transparency that facilitates the tracking of funds to environmental projects, while simultaneously aiming to improve insight into their estimated impact.

Green Collar Jobs

“Green-collar jobs”—manual-labor jobs in rapidly growing green industries—have the potential to speed progress on two deeply rooted problems at once: to reduce our society’s impact on the planet, while lifting people out of poverty.

Green Collar jobs is used to describe the growing number of jobs with environment-friendly products or services, ranging from green building and construction, renewable energy such as biofuels, solar panel manufacturing, weatherization, organic farming, green car manufacturing, and bicycle repair. Think of blue-collar jobs with a sustainable edge.

Green Roof

A green roof is a vegetated roofing system which is functionally integrated onto a roof area. Designs are site specific depending on climatic conditions; slope; access; structural capacity and intended usage. Standard components are a tested waterproofing membrane; root barrier; drainage outlets; drainage layer; geofabric; grow media; vegetation; irrigation; maintenance regime

Green roofs are sometimes referred to as the fifth façade. There are three kinds of green roof: extensive; semi intensive & intensive, each type requiring particular engineering.

Greenway

A corridor of undeveloped land preserved for recreational use or environmental protection

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic road or other route. It is a natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage; an open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas; locally certain strip or linear parks designated as parkway or greenbelt.

Grey Water

Grey water also known as gray water is the recycling of ‘waste’ water that is generated in homes and commercial buildings through the use of water for laundry, dishes, or for bathing. Grey water differs from black water which is wastewater used in toilets and designated for sewage systems.

Growing Medium

The term ‘growing medium’ is used to describe the material used in a container to grow a plant.

heat island effect.

There are many different ingredients that can be used to make a growing medium; different parts of the world have developed media based on local availability of various raw materials. Such materials can be inorganic (e.g. rockwool, perlite) or organic (such as peat, bark). Growing media are often formulated from a blend of different raw materials in order to achieve the correct balance of air and water holding capacity for the plants to be grown.




H


Holobiome

The holobiome is the sum total of the component genomes in a eukaryotic organism; it comprises the genome of an individual member of a given taxon (the host genome) and the microbiome (the genomes of the symbiotic microbiota).

The latter is made up of the genes of a variety of microbial communities that persist over time and are not eliminated by natural selection. Therefore, the holobiome can also be considered as the genomic reflection of the complex network of symbiotic interactions that link an individual member of a given taxon with its associated microbiome.

Hydroponics

Hydroponics the growing of plants in nutrient solutions with or without an inert medium (such as soil) to provide mechanical support.

Hydroponically grown plants may have no solid material under them at all; instead, their roots often simply hang in water with a rich mix of nutrients dissolved in it. The principal advantage to hydroponics is the savings from reduced labor costs, since it's generally carried on in enclosed areas and the irrigation and fertilizing are done mechanically. Peppers, cucumbers, and various other vegetables are produced hydroponically in huge quantities.

Hygiene hypothesis

The "Hygiene Hypothesis" is a theory that suggests a young child's environment can be "too clean" to effectively stimulate or challenge the child's immune system to respond to various threats during the time a child's immune system is maturing

If the environment is "too clean," the hypothesis suggests that the immune system will not mature properly, and may not react appropriately when the child's immune system encounters germs (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites) or other environmental triggers (pollen, animal dander, fungal spores) later in life.

The hypothesis suggests that the lack of immune system challenge results in many people developing immune-related health problems such as asthma.




I


Impact Investing

Impact investing is an investment strategy that aims to generate specific beneficial social or environmental effects in addition to financial gains.

Impact investments may take the form of numerous asset classes and may result in many specific outcomes. The point of impact investing is to use money and investment capital for positive social results. Impact investing is a general investment strategy that seeks to generate financial returns while also creating a positive social or environmental impact.

Impact Metrics

Impact Metrics is a defined system or standard of measurement to track the progress of change by your organization.

In the impact space, there are standard metrics and custom metrics. Standards are written by research and evaluation organizations and generally exist around focus areas or organization type. Custom metrics are created by an organization and are designed around their use case. A well-designed impact metrics focus on continuous learning and improvement of key outcomes.

Intensive Green Roof

An intensive green roof system is characterized by its variety of vegetation ranging from herbaceous plants to small trees with professional maintenance and advanced green roof irrigation systems.

Intensive green roofs offer a great potential for design and biodiversity. This system supports everything from small personal/home gardens to full scale public parks. Plant selection and design greatly affects the maintenance required for the upkeep of these roofs. Rooftop farms, urban roof farms or vegetable farms on roofs are clearly intensive green roofs and require higher nutrient applications and focused maintenance.




J





K


Kirlian Photography - BioElectrography

The process of photographing an object by exposing film in a dark room to the light that results from electronic and ionic interactions caused by placing the object in an intense electric field. The photograph shows a light, glowing band surrounding the outline of the object.




L


Lightweight Aggregate (LWA)

Lightweight aggregate is a type of coarse aggregate that is used in the production of lightweight concrete products such as concrete block, structural concrete, and pavement.

Most lightweight aggregate is produced from materials such as clay, shale, or slate. Blast furnace slag, natural pumice, vermiculite, and perlite can be used as substitutes, however. To produce lightweight aggregate, the raw material (excluding pumice) is expanded to about twice the original volume of the raw material. The expanded material has properties similar to natural aggregate, but is less dense and therefore yields a lighter concrete product.

Living Roof

A green roof, also known as an eco roof, living roof, vegetated roof, oikosteges, or green roof, is one that is either partially or completely covered in vegetation on top of the human-made roofing structure.

A living roof or green roof typically begins with a layer of a water- and rot-proof membrane, such as a heavy-duty pond liner, stretched across the area of a roof leading up to the gutters, where drainage can run off. This is topped with layers for water and soil retention, made up of mulch, pumice, peat or clay

Low Impact Development (LID)

The term low impact development (LID) refers to systems and practices that use or mimic natural processes that result in the infiltration, evapotranspiration or use of stormwater in order to protect water quality and associated aquatic habitat.

LID includes overall site design approaches (holistic LID, or LID integrated management practices) and individual small-scale stormwater management practices (isolated LID practices) that promote the use of natural systems for infiltration, evapotranspiration and the harvesting and use of rainwater. Although both holistic LID and isolated LID practices can remove pollutants and reduce damaging stormwater flows (volume and velocity), holistic approaches maximize these benefits.




M


Microfinance

Microfinance, also called microcredit​, is a type of banking service provided to unemployed or low-income individuals or groups who otherwise would have no other access to financial services.

Microfinance allows people to take on reasonable small business loans safely, and in a manner that is consistent with ethical lending practices. The majority of microfinancing operations occur in developing nations, such as Uganda, Indonesia, Serbia, and Honduras.

Mission Driven Enterprise

Mission-driven businesses focus more on providing returns for stakeholders and ultimately, they use the mission to support business operations.

Mission-driven companies believe that it is possible to have a positive impact on a social or environmental issue while considering all stakeholders and staying committed to product development, profit, social responsibility, and sustainability.




N


Nonprofit

A nonprofit organization is one that qualifies for tax-exempt status by the IRS because its mission and purpose are to further a social cause and provide a public benefit. Nonprofit organizations include hospitals, universities, national charities and foundations.

To qualify as a nonprofit, your business must serve the public good in some way. Nonprofits do not distribute profit to anything other than furthering the advancement of the organization.

Not-for-profit

A not-for-profit organization (NFPO) is one that does not earn profit for its owners. All money earned through pursuing business activities or through donations goes right back into running the organization.

However, not-for-profits are not required to operate for the benefit of the public good. A not-for-profit can simply serve the goals of its members. A good example is a sports club; the purpose of the club is to exist for its members’ enjoyment.




O


Opportunity Zones

Opportunity Zones provide capital into distressed communities. They offer investors opportunities to defer and/or reduce tax liabilities when committing capital within designated areas.

Opportunity Zones are an economic development tool that allows people to invest in distressed areas in the United States.Their purpose is to spur economic growth and job creation in low-income communities while providing tax benefits to investors.




P


Passive Solar

Passive solar is the use of the sun’s energy directly for either heating or cooling purposes. Passive solar means of heating has had much of their support and creation through the drive for sustainability by individuals and businesses.

Unlike photovoltaic or other technological solar power applications, passive solar does not involve energy gathering or transformation through mechanical or electronic means. There are many varied approaches to passive solar. Most commonly it is used for home heating, but it is also being applied in the datacenter.

Pasture Raised

A “pasture raised” claim on meat, poultry, dairy, or egg labels means that the animals were raised for at least some portion of their lives on pasture or with access to a pasture, not continually confined indoors.

On beef and dairy products, a “pasture raised” claim on the label does not mean that the cows derived all their nutrition from grazing on pasture or that they were 100 percent grass fed. Cows that are raised on pasture can be given supplemental grain, both during the grazing season and winter months.

Pipeline

A line of pipe with pumps, valves, and control devices for conveying liquids, gases, or finely divided solids

Pollinator Garden

A pollinator garden is one that attracts bees, butterflies, moths, hummingbirds or other beneficial creatures that transfer pollen from flower to flower, or in some cases, within flowers.

Planting a pollinator garden is more important than you may realize, and even a small garden can make a huge difference as pollinators have suffered greatly from loss of habitat, misuse of chemicals and spread of invasive plant and animal species. Many pollinators have disappeared and others are endangered.

Predistribution Initiative

Pre-distribution (or Predistribution) is the idea that the state should try to prevent inequalities occurring in the first place rather than ameliorating them via tax and benefits once they have occurred, as occurs under redistribution.

Psychic Numbing

A psychological response to traumatic events, characterized by decreased responsiveness to and a feeling of detachment from the external environment and a reduction in the ability to acknowledge and express emotion.

Purpose Driven

Having a purpose-driven organization means you’re aligned on the core purpose and understand it. Being committed in this way can make goal setting easier and tough decisions clearer because decisions that are aligned with the purpose must win.

Being purpose-driven not only makes the big picture and path forward clearer but also helps engage and motivate the workforce around common ideals. It can be a tool for recruiting and retention. Employees like to be proud of what they do and what the organization stands for.




Q


Quantum Farming- Biodynamic Agriculture

Biodynamic agriculture involves working with life processes. This does not mean physical substance or chemistry are ignored. The biodynamic approach to agriculture emphasizes life processes which have potent organisational (syntropic) effects to engage minerals and chemical reactions. The use of what are called ‘biodynamic preparations’ establishes, increases and enhances life processes.

Quadruple Bottom Line

The quadruple bottom line as a framework to evaluate performance across 4 pillars: cultural, economic, environmental and social. It is an extension of the triple bottom line accounting framework, which provides a balance of people, planet and profit needs, to encompass cultural needs.




R


Recycle

Recycling is the process of collecting and processing materials that would otherwise be thrown away as trash and turning them into new products. Recycling can benefit your community and the environment.

Benefits of Recycling

  • Reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and incinerators
  • Conserves natural resources such as timber, water and minerals
  • Increases economic security by tapping a domestic source of materials
  • Prevents pollution by reducing the need to collect new raw materials
  • Saves energy
  • Supports American manufacturing and conserves valuable resources

Regenerative Agriculture

Regenerative Agriculture describes farming and grazing practices that, among other benefits, reverse climate change by rebuilding soil organic matter and restoring degraded soil biodiversity – resulting in both carbon drawdown and improving the water cycle.

Specifically, Regenerative Agriculture is a holistic land management practice that leverages the power of photosynthesis in plants to close the carbon cycle, and build soil health, crop resilience and nutrient density. Regenerative agriculture improves soil health, primarily through the practices that increase soil organic matter.

Resources vs Charity

Resources are a source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.

Charity is a generous actions or donations to aid the poor, ill, or needy:

Rhizosphere

the region of soil in the vicinity of plant roots in which the chemistry and microbiology is influenced by their growth, respiration, and nutrient exchange.

The ability of the rhizosphere to stimulate microbial activity has been long known. With the increased awareness of the role that microorganisms play in the degradation of s-triazine herbicides, research began to focus on possible enhanced degradation in the rhizosphere.

RockWool - StoneWool

Rockwool, or stone wool, is a type of soilless horticultural growing medium that is used in hydroponic systems for all types of crops like flowers, tomatoes, and lettuce. It is also especially good for growing cannabis plants.

Rockwool is finely spun volcanic rock (basalt) that resembles fiberglass insulation. It can be made by spinning molten rock in high-speed heads (think of cotton candy) or blowing a jet of steam through molten rock. Rockwool comes in an assortment of forms and sizes to suit a variety of garden types, including rockwool slabs, rockwool cubes, and loose rockwool chunks. Cubes are popular for starting seeds, and once they germinate and become seedlings, the cubes can be transplanted into slabs.




S


Sedum

A widely distributed fleshy-leaved plant with small star-shaped yellow, pink, or white flowers, grown as an ornamental.

Sedum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae, members of which are commonly known as stonecrops. The genus has been described as containing up to 600 species, subsequently reduced to 400–500.

Semi Intensive Green Roof

A semi-intensive green roof system is characterized by small herbaceous plants, ground covers, grasses and small shrubs, requiring moderate maintenance and occasional irrigation.

A typical growing medium depth for a semi-intensive green roof is 6 to 12 inches. This system is able to retain more stormwater than an extensive system and provides the potential to host a richer ecology. Though higher in maintenance, this green roof system also provides the potential for a formal garden effect.

Smart Beta

Smart Beta is a blend of active and passive investing strategies that typically combine an underlying stock index with an investment manager’s savvy about a potential stock’s liquidity, volatility, momentum and other factors.

The goal of smart beta is to obtain alpha, lower risk or increase diversification at a cost lower than traditional active management and marginally higher than straight index investing. It seeks the best construction of an optimally diversified portfolio. In effect, smart beta is a combination of efficient-market hypothesis and value investing.

SME Investment

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) generally occupy the space between micro-enterprises and large corporations.

We believe that SMEs are vital to the health and stability of any nation. They traditionally constitute the largest portion of the employment base, hire the greatest number of new employees, and provide the majority of a country’s goods and services.

Many developing countries lack a vibrant small business sector, and, as a consequence, a growing middle-income population. And yet despite their importance, SMEs in emerging markets frequently suffer from insufficient access to financing, preventing these businesses from expanding their production and making a larger social and economic impact.

Social Impact Investing

Social impact investment (also called ‘social investment’ or ‘impact investment’) is the repayable transfer of money with the aim of creating positive social impact. There is usually a return associated with the investment, meaning the amount of money repaid may differ from the amount invested.

Social Justice

Social justice is a political and philosophical theory which asserts that there are dimensions to the concept of justice beyond those embodied in the principles of civil or criminal law, economic supply and demand, or traditional moral frameworks.

Social justice tends to focus more on just relations between groups within society as opposed to the justice of individual conduct or justice for individuals.Historically and in theory, the idea of social justice is that all people should have equal access to wealth, health, well-being, justice, privileges, and opportunity regardless of their legal, political, economic, or other circumstances.

Soilless Agriculture

Soilless agriculture is a plant growth system that helps remove some issues that can create stress to plants, such as the availability of nutrients in the soil. In soilless agriculture, crops directly access the required minerals and nutrients for growth, so they do not have to search for nutrients themselves.

In addition, in soilless agriculture nutrients required by plants are determined in advance and so plants don’t have to compete for nutrients with each other. This allows crops to grow faster and in a larger size.

Solutionary

A solutionary is someone who is able to identify inhumane and unsustainable systems, then develop solutions that are healthy and just for people, animals, and the environment.

Solutionaries are motivated by compassion and justice and driven to cultivate their creative-, critical-, strategic- and systems-thinking skills in order to address the underlying causes of entrenched and interconnected problems.

Stakeholder Capitalism

Stakeholder capitalism is a system in which corporations are oriented to serve the interests of all their stakeholders. Among the key stakeholders are customers, suppliers, employees, shareholders and local communities.

Under this system, a company's purpose is to create long-term value and not to maximize profits and enhance shareholder value at the cost of other stakeholder groups.

Static Loading

Static loading refers to the load on an actuator when it is in a fixed or stationary condition. The static load capacity of an actuator refers to how much weight the actuator can safely hold without back driving or causing damage.

a static load refers to a loaded pallet on the floor, while a dynamic load is a loaded pallet being moved by a forklift, pallet jack, or other equipment. Since a pallet will generally need to be both dynamic and static at different points in its journey, knowing the specifics of each load capacity for the pallet you are using is crucial. Different pallet materials and pallet designs have different dynamic and static load ratings.


Storm

Stormwater runoff is generated from rain and snowmelt that flows over land or impervious surfaces, such as paved streets, parking lots, and building rooftops, and does not soak into the ground.

Runoff can pick up and deposit harmful pollutants like trash, chemicals, and dirt/sediment into streams, lakes, and groundwater. Construction sites, lawns, improperly stored hazardous wastes, and illegal dumping are all potential sources of stormwater pollutants.

Supply Chain

A supply chain is a network between a company and its suppliers to produce and distribute a specific product to the final buyer. This network includes different activities, people, entities, information, and resources. The supply chain also represents the steps it takes to get the product or service from its original state to the customer.

Companies develop supply chains so they can reduce their costs and remain competitive in the business landscape.

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture it seeks to sustain farmers, resources and communities by promoting farming practices and methods that are profitable, environmentally sound and good for communities. Sustainable agriculture fits into and complements modern agriculture. It rewards the true values of producers and their products. It draws and learns from organic farming. It works on farms and ranches large and small, harnessing new technologies and renewing the best practices of the past.

Sustainability Linked Loans

Sustainability linked loans are any types of loan instruments and/or contingent facilities (such as bonding lines, guarantee lines or letters of credit) which incentivise the borrower's achie

water Runoffvement of ambitious, predetermined sustainability performance objectives

The borrower’s sustainability performance is measured using predefined sustainability performance targets (SPTs), as measured by predefined key performance indicators (KPIs), which may comprise or include external ratings and/or equivalent metrics and which measure improvements in the borrower’s sustainability profile.




T


Thermal Resistance Value

Thermal resistance is a heat property and a measurement of a temperature difference by which an object or material resists a heat flow.

The thermal resistance (R-value) is the reciprocal of l (1/l) and is used for calculating the thermal resistance of any material or composite material. The R-value can be defined in simple terms as the resistance that any specific material offers to the heat flow. A good insulation material will have a high R-value.

Treatment Pond

A treatment pond is intended to provide wastewater treatment to achieve a certain effluent quality. Ponds are depressions holding water confined by earthen structures.

It is simply a pond with bacteria and other microorganisms from the environment and the wastewater performing the treatment. The bacterial concentration is low compared to other biological treatment processes such as activated sludge, and the treatment time is also longer.

Triple Bottom Line

The triple bottom line (TBL) maintains that companies should commit to focusing as much on social and environmental concerns as they do on profits. TBL theory posits that instead of one bottom line, there should be three: profit, people, and the planet. A TBL seeks to gauge a corporation's level of commitment to corporate social responsibility and its impact on the environment over time.




U


Unicorn

"Unicorn" is a term used in the venture capital industry to describe a privately held startup company with a value of over $1 billion.

Unicorns can also refer to a recruitment phenomenon within the human resources (HR) sector. HR managers may have high expectations to fill a position, leading them to look for candidates with qualifications that are higher than required for a specific job.

UN General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), serving as the main deliberative, policymaking, and representative organ of the UN.

The UNGA is responsible for the UN budget, appointing the non-permanent members to the Security Council, appointing the Secretary-General of the United Nations, receiving reports from other parts of the UN system, and making recommendations through resolutions. It also establishes numerous subsidiary organs to advance or assist in its broad mandate.[2] The UNGA is the only UN organ wherein all member states have equal representation.

United Nations SGD/s (UN SDG’s)

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) define the world we want. They apply to all nations and mean, quite simply, to ensure that no one is left behind.

The 17 SDGs are integrated and they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability. Countries have committed to prioritize progress for those who're furthest behind. The SDGs are designed to end poverty, hunger, AIDS, and discrimination against women and girls.

Upcycle

Upcycling represents a variety of processes by which “old” products get to be modified and get a second life as they’re turned into a “new” product.

In this way, thanks to the mix and aggregation of used materials, components and items, the end result is a “new product” with more value than the original value of the sum of all its components. In other words, upcycling is about materials or items that get to be re-adapted and/or re-purposed in a creative way, and whose lifespan is, therefore, expanded.

The difference between upcycling and recycling is that the latter takes materials like paper, metal, plastic or glass and breaks them down – hence creating a new product (typically of inferior quality). And as we’ve seen, upcycling doesn’t mean breaking down materials but rather sorting and reusing them in a different, often more fashionable way.

Urban Heat Island Effect

An urban heat island occurs when a city experiences much warmer temperatures than nearby rural areas. The difference in temperature between urban and less-developed rural areas has to do with how well the surfaces in each environment absorb and hold heat.

To cool down urban heat islands, some cities are ‘lightening’ streets. This is done by covering black asphalt streets, parking lots, and dark roofs with a more reflective gray coating. These chang0_es can drop urban air temperatures dramatically, especially during the heat of summer.

Urban Wilderness

Urban Wilderness is where appreciation for the importance of biodiversity meets the New Urbanism movement, one can find the pursuit of the creation of urban wilderness.




V


Venture Capital

A venture capitalist (VC) is a private equity investor that provides capital to companies exhibiting high growth potential in exchange for an equity stake. This could be funding startup ventures or supporting small companies that wish to expand but do not have access to equities markets.

Venture capitalists are usually formed as limited partnerships (LP) where the partners invest in the VC fund. The fund normally has a committee that is tasked with making investment decisions.

Vertical Farm

Vertical farming is the practice of growing crops in vertically stacked layers. It often incorporates controlled-environment agriculture, which aims to optimize plant growth, and soilless farming techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics.

Because vertical farming provides a controlled environment, the productivity of vertical farms would be mostly independent of weather and protected from extreme weather events.




W


Waterproofing Membrane

A waterproofing membrane is a thin layer of material used to prevent water from contacting another material that it is placed over. Waterproofing membranes may be adhesive or simply laid on top of the material they are supposed to protect. Waterproofing membranes are made from many different materials and are commercially available in various sizes and thicknesses.

Waterproofing membranes are used for many applications, such as covering concrete while it is being formed to prevent water from compromising the structural integrity of the concrete, or coated on products that are submerged under water where corrosion is a concern

Water Trails

A water trail is a designated route along a lake, river, canal or bay specifically designed for people using small boats like kayaks, canoes, single sailboats or rowboats.

The trails, sometimes called “blueways,” are the aquatic equivalent of a hiking trail (or “greenway”). Water trails feature well-developed access and launch points; are near significant historical, environmental or cultural points of interest; and often include nearby amenities such as restaurants, hotels and campgrounds.

Wild Crafted

Wildcrafted products are essentially products made from plants or plant parts that have been harvested from their natural environment. This means that they grew without human intervention as part of an uncultivated existing ecosystem.

The harvesting of these plants is done with great care so as not to harm the natural habitat of the plant, and whenever possible, the plant itself. If it is necessary to harvest the entire plant, a seed or seeds are left in its place. Ideally however, only the necessary plant part is taken and the plant is left to grow.